SOME THOUGHTS ON THE CIVIL SERVICES EXAMS — (SERIES ARTICLE 16—POLITY)

“As long as that spark of passion is missing there is no human significance in the performance.”

In civil services preparation also same happens where we need to have the blazing spark always. When we get bored with the same subject it is always better to give a break and go for different ones, so we will switch over to polity. The biggest inspiration one can draw is from music during the intervals consecutive studies after every two hours gap.

India’s founding fathers and Mothers established in the Constitution both the nation’s ideals were national unity and integrity and a democratic and equitable society. The new society was to be achieved through a social- economic revolution pursued with a democratic spirit using constitutional, democratic institutions.  Unity, social revolution, and democracy as three strands of a seamless web. The founders believed that none of these goals was to be pursued, nor could any be achieved, separately. They were mutually dependent and had to be sought together.

The essential element of the framers foresight was their concept of the seamless web, the interdependence of the nation’s three grand goals, and their building into the Constitution the institutions and processes for their pursuit.

National unity and integrity were to be served by the constitution’s highly centralized federalism, characterized, among other elements, by central government distribution of much revenue, national development planning, continuation of the inherited central civil services, state governors who were presidential appointees the well known Emergency Provisions, and wide variety of state centre coordinating mechanisms.

As far as polity is concerned

  1. One can begin with a quick reading of NCERT book.
  2. For simple language Laxmikanth is a good book for beginner.
  3. D. Basu shorter version of Indian constitution will cover everything certain portions which are not in Laxmikanth.
  4. A quick reading of Subash Kashyap’s Parliament and our constitution help a lot, one can be sure of any topic till the main exams.

The following are the important topics where frequently questions come both in the preliminary as well as main exams. I have given the current topics also. 50% of questions come from the current issues in polity.

  1. Union and states particularly about the new state formations.
  2. Fundamental rights, all articles are important.
  3. Constitutional remedies.
  4. Directive principles of state – 36-51 all articles should be studied, every year questions come from here.
  5. Fundamental duties.
  6. Every year there will be questions from Local governance 11th and 12th schedule in full, it needs in depth studies.
  7. PAC, COPU, JPC and other parliamentary committees.
  8. Art 370 J&K- Special provisions are very important as this year Government has appointed interlocutors.
  9. Union – State finance commission – every year in this area many questions are asked.
  10. SC, HC, UPSC, Attorney general, CVC, CEC, CIC, NHRC, National commission on SC, ST, Backward classes – all frequently asked questions.
  11. On Speaker and his powers frequently questions are asked.
  12. Art 356 emergency provisions, art 368 amending powers.
  13. On Parliament also. As the parliament log jam continues many a time questions are direct from what is reported in the newspaper.
  14. Every year UPSC ask questions from Consumer rights act 1986.
  15. This year they may ask about Indian child protection act 1986.
  16. There are always questions on President, as this year was President Election year, one can expect questions from that.
  17. Procedure for mercy petitions and the President’s powers is hot topic these days.
  18. There are always some questions on the Historical evolution of Indian constitution right from Pitts act to 1935 act.

Any other item which is left out will be discussed in detail the current ones as well as chapter wise what all important and how one can read, expected questions all.

The Chapter wise what we put all are available in our online notes GS  www.excellcareeronline.com  One can access all the current affairs, test series , GS full notes Preliminary as well as Mains for a nominal payment from 1st October, interested aspirants can mail us or give mail ID, we will mail you the details.

Tomorrow we will see Polity in detail chapter wise.

“If you have a great work in your head, nothing else thrives near it; all other thoughts are repelled, and the pleasure of life itself is for the time lost.”
― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

In civil services preparations the journey is the reward. Persist on the journey and greatness is yours! All the best!!!

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