SOME THOUGHTS ON THE CIVIL SERVICES EXAMS — (SERIES ARTICLE 18 – Polity – 1935 Act, Constituent Assembly and preamble)

 

Obstacles are those frightful things you see when you take your eyes off your goal.”

– Henry Ford (1863-1947)

While preparing for the civil services one has to measure the progress every day, the idea is to increase the confidence level everyday and bring it to the peak of our potentiality by the time we sit in the main exams. If you look at the question papers particularly for the preliminary exams, you will many questions from the most fundamentals or very simple where we just neglect, as Steve Jobs says, ““Simple can be harder than complex: You have to work hard to get your thinking clean to make it simple. But it’s worth it in the end because once you get there, you can move mountains.”

In the case of polity looking at the most simple questions, the following questions are asked usually from the 1935 act, Constituent Assembly and preamble)

  1. 1935 one should know the following relevant details in depth.
  2. Federation and Provincial Autonomy. While under all the previous was unitary, the Act of 1935 prescribed a federation, taking the Provinces and the Indian States as units. But it was optional for the Indian States to join the Federation; and since the Rulers of the Indian States never gave their consent, the Federation envisaged by the Act of 1935 never came into being.
  3. But though the Part relating to the Federation never took effect, the Part relating to Provincial autonomy was given effect to since April, 1937. The Act divided legislative powers between the Provincial and Central Legislatures, and within its defined sphere, the Provinces were no longer delegates of the Central Government, but were autonomous units of administration. To this extent, the Government of India assumed the role of a federal government vis-a-vis the Provincial Government, thought the Indian States did not come into the fold to complete the scheme of federation.
  4. The Legislature. The Central Legislature was bi-cameral, consisting of the Federal Assembly and the Council of State.

 

In six of the Provinces, the Legislature was bi-cameral, comprising a Legislative Assemble and a Legislative council. In the rest of the Provinces, the Legislature was uni-cameral.

 

  1. How the legislature itself acted as the constituent assembly. The various committees which deliberated the constitution – some questions come from this area.
  2. . Where all we borrowed many concepts like FR, Directive principles of state, Emergency provisions etc,
  3. Philosophy of the constitution, outstanding features.
  4. Union and states – usually questions come from art 3 and art 4.
  5. In this regard one should also know in detail about State reorganization committee and Integration of Indian states, How Sikkim became part of India. ( Ramachandra Guha’s book India after Gandhi , the first chapter gives nice details on this subject)
  6. Berubari case.
  7. Dominion status, Indian independence act1947.

 

The Chapter wise what we put all are available in our online notes GS  www.excellcareeronline.com  One can access all the current affairs, test series , GS full notes Preliminary as well as Mains for a nominal payment from 1st October, interested aspirants can mail us or give mail ID, we will mail you the details.

 

While preparing for the civil services one should walk confidently always minus the arrogance., keeping the eyes on stars and feet on the ground.

 

If you set goals and go after them with all the determination you can muster, your gifts will take you places that will amaze you.

“Singleness of purpose is one of the chief essentials for success in life, no matter what may be one’s aim.

— John D. Rockefeller”

In civil services preparations the journey is the reward. Persist on the journey and greatness is yours! All the best!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

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